Teaching English in China: What Is It Like To Teach ESL In China?

For my first featured interview, I couldn’t think of a better choice than Michael Tieso (behind the ever popular Art of Backpacking travel blog) who takes time out of his busy schedule to answer questions about teaching English in China. Having already completed an around the world backpacking journey and experiencing life as an expat in China, he’s experienced a nomadic life that many only dream of. The following interview gives a great overview of what it is potentially like to teach in China – living & working conditions, salary, student’s ability, and life outside of work to name just a few of the many topics he thoroughly covers.

Teaching English in China: Map Of China with a pin

1) Where did you teach in China? What level were your students?

I taught in Xi’an, China. The ancient capital of China.

The name of the school was Siyuan University. I taught first year and second year students that were majoring in English. Sometimes even high-school students. Some classes were better than others but for the most part, their English was pretty horrible. English is difficult and I realized that more while teaching it but the problem was English was also being taught by Chinese teachers that had horrible English. This created a lot of conflict between the foreigners English and the Chinese teachers English. Perhaps I expected too much out of English majors but one thing I learned was that I had to create different lessons plans for each class since everyones level was so different. Impossible to ever plan for this when you’re first coming into China.

2) What were the working conditions of your contract in terms of housing, working hours and holidays? Were these conditions met?

I lived on campus which made it easy to attend classes. I had been to Xi’an before so I figured I would be in the city when I applied. Definitely not. It was only a 30 minute ride to center of downtown but local transportation isn’t always the greatest. It usually required me to take taxis to get downtown which was luckily cheap anyway. My advice to everyone is to ask about where exactly you’re living compared to the rest of the city. Regardless though, it was a decent location. I had a more local experience and the food was half as cheap as it was downtown. The other teachers and I were the only foreigners in the area. If I had lived downtown, chances are I would have spent more money and went out more often. Instead, I spent most of my time eating out with other students, playing pool, and drinking in the apartment with some friends.

The apartment building was for foreigners only. I had a bedroom, living room, kitchen, and balcony. I never had to use the kitchen because eating out was less than a five minute walk to every possible food known in China (the schools cafe). The apartment was paid for by the school. I only had to pay for electricity.

Working hours were confusing. China works on a different organizational planner which is none at all. Sometimes they’d add a new class out of the blue with no advanced warning. Planning to leave the city was often difficult because I had to be available at all times. Still though, I hardly worked. You could be mostly brain dead and still teach the class. The first four months were 26 hours a week with Sundays and Mondays off. I got paid about 6,000RMB for this. My second semester I worked 10 hours a week. The thing is according to my contract, I’m required to work 16 hours. They didn’t have enough classes to give me so they were forced to pay me for 16 hours although I was only working 10. The pay was about 4,500RMB. This gave me a whole lot of room to travel, party, learn Mandarin, and work on my businesses.

I had the months of January and Febuary fully off. I traveled throughout Thailand and Vietnam and they even paid me for Febuary even though I wasn’t even in the country.

I was seriously spoiled in China. I had enough money to do what I wanted and even have way more left over.

3) Do you find any clear differences between backpacking in a certain area versus living somewhere for a fixed period of time?

There’s definitely a difference. I had backpacked throughout China for one month the year prior to teaching. It was like a teaser. A glimpse of everything but never fully understanding everything. By living there, I feel I have a deeper understanding of the culture and its people. Backpacking has helped me gain interest though. I probably wouldn’t have taught in China if it wasn’t for backpacking there initially.

Backpacking helps me know where I might want to stay longer. If I like a place, I’ll either come back to it later or after arriving just stay longer than most backpackers.

4) One of the biggest complaints in the ESL industry revolves around native English teachers not being considered as ‘actual teachers’ and more as just a hired hand. How did you find your experiences in terms of being treated with respect by staff and students?

It’s true. For many of the schools in China, we’re not taken as serious as the local teachers are. By providing foreign teachers, the school has a better image and is usually provided better funding through the government. It’s a way of saying Hey! We have foreign teachers. Come to our school!

Because of cultural differences in priority in education and in life in general, there are often clashes between me and them. I was once asked to work an extra day of the week which meant I would have had only a one day weekend. The contract says the weekends are mandatory to have off so I demanded it. They were confused as to why I wouldn’t take this opportunity to work more. In their eyes, having the opportunity to work more and earn more money is something to be grateful for so they were surprised that I didn’t want it. My future isn’t English teaching and I like to have free time. But the school didn’t understand that. I eventually got my way.

Sometimes we get our way and sometimes we don’t. I think it’s best to know when it’s worth arguing about and when it’s not. It’s just too much of a hassle to complain all the time. Things won’t always go our way just like any other job.

The students treated me SUPER well. They would often take me out to dinner and hang out with the foreign teachers. The amount of attention can be overwhelming but it’s all in good fun and kindness. When I was leaving, I was given so many gifts. It was flattering and I know there really isn’t many parts of the world that will treat me more like a god than in China.

5) The ‘honeymoon phase’ of a job overseas typically refers to the first few months an individual spends in a new country everything seems stimulating and exciting; however, as time progresses a critical point seems to challenge a lot of teachers when things aren’t as fresh. What do you think are some of the best ways to overcome such a hurdle?

Luckily China is full of adventure. It never gets boring and if anything we seek more relaxing atmospheres away from it all. After all, 9 million people can be considered a small city in China!

I’ve had days of wanting to explode, shout, and scream at the world. Some of ways things are done in China can be frustrating to foreigners. It happens to everyone. I think it’s important to just realize the cultural differences and look on the bright side of things. The culture can tests our patience over and over again. Then the next day the world flips and I’d remember why I came to China.

6) Aside from the necessary academic credentials, what kind of skill-set or personality do you think an individual requires in order to thrive overseas in a teaching position?

Two eyes, a mouth, ears, and fluency in English. There was a French teacher teaching Computer Science in the same school. He graduated University in England. So even if you’re not from a country where English is the main language, you may still have a chance.

Academic credentials depend on where you’re teaching. Beijing and Shanghai may require a University degree. My university definitely didn’t require anything. Not even a TEFL. Some schools are more strict than others. It really depends where and what school. Don’t let it discourage you if you don’t have a degree. There’s a spot in China for everyone. They need English teachers.

7) What were some of your favourite destinations in China that you got to visit outside of work?

Chengdu is my favourite city in China. Sichuanese cuisine is known throughout the world and it’s the most popular cuisine in China as well. As a foodie myself, Chengdu easily became a favourite. The nightlife is also incredible. Great bands and an awesome electronic music scene.

Chengdu is also known for its beautiful girls. Confirmed to be true.

And there’s pandas! Who can say no to pandas?

8 ) What sort of long-term vision do you have with your travel blog?

There’s a lot going on. I’ve hired a few part-time writers to help ease the work load. It’s been hectic really but I’m also really fortunate for it. I’ll be keeping busy by continuing its growth and making it more user friendly.

My latest project is with Stephanie (Twenty-Something Travel) to start filming a documentary on how technology has changed the way we travel Everywhere Connection.

9) Favourite country you’ve ever visited?

I never know how to answer this. Each country has held a favourite something that the other country did not have. My favourite pizza for example is in Argentina and my favourite beaches are in Thailand.

10) Location you’re least likely to return to?

Perhaps Cambodia but I don’t want to say I’ll never go back. I think that if I do ever go back to Cambodia, it’ll be for volunteer work. I’ve also heard good things about the beaches in Cambodia but I didn’t make it that far. Maybe it was just travel fatigue but I wasn’t having a great time last time I was there.

11) How has travel changed you as an individual over the years?

More open minded. More social. More of everything. I’ve changed in ways I don’t really understand or could put together. I feel more educated and open about the world, too.


Teach spelled out in blocks: What is it like teaching ESL in China?

Top Tips For Getting A Teaching Job In China

When it comes to finding a teaching job in China, there are several factors to consider that can increase your chances of success. As an academic, it’s important to approach the job search process with a strategic mindset and take steps to enhance your qualifications and build your network within the field. Here are some top tips for getting a teaching job in China:

  1. Obtain the proper qualifications: In order to teach English in China, you will need to have a bachelor’s degree and a TEFL or TESOL certification. Many institutions and schools require that you have a minimum of 120 hours of TEFL training, so it’s important to invest in a reputable program that meets these requirements. Additionally, obtaining a master’s degree in education or a related field can also enhance your qualifications and make you a more competitive candidate.
  2. Utilize multiple job search channels: When searching for teaching jobs in China, it’s important to explore a variety of channels and platforms to find the best opportunities. This can include job boards, recruitment agencies, and networking events. Consider using a combination of online and offline methods to expand your search and connect with potential employers.
  3. Prepare for interviews: Many schools and institutions in China require a job interview as part of the hiring process. Preparing for these interviews by researching common interview questions and practicing your responses can help you stand out as a strong candidate. Additionally, preparing a teaching demo or lesson plan can demonstrate your teaching abilities and showcase your experience.
  4. Be open to diverse locations: The demand for English teachers in China can vary by location, with larger cities often having more opportunities. However, being open to teaching in smaller or less well-known locations can also provide valuable experience and opportunities to immerse yourself in Chinese culture. Consider factors such as cost of living, cultural experiences, and teaching environment when making your decision.
  5. Adapt to cultural differences: Teaching in China can present unique challenges and cultural differences. Being adaptable and flexible can help you navigate these challenges and build positive relationships with your students and colleagues. Understanding cultural norms and customs can also help you better connect with your students and enhance your teaching effectiveness.
  6. Build your network: Networking with other teachers and professionals in the field can help you learn about new job opportunities and gain valuable insights into the teaching environment in China. Consider attending professional development events and joining professional organizations to expand your network and stay up-to-date on industry trends.
  7. Learn the language: While knowing Mandarin or Cantonese is not a requirement for teaching English in China, it can be a valuable asset. Basic language skills can help you better connect with your students and navigate day-to-day interactions. Consider investing in language classes or online resources to enhance your language abilities.

By taking these steps and approaching the job search process strategically, you can increase your chances of landing a teaching job in China and embark on an exciting and rewarding career in education.

Where to teach English in China? Beijing is a popular choice as represented by this temple.

Top 10 Places To Teach In China

Here are the top 10 places to teach in China:

  1. Beijing: As the capital of China, Beijing is a hub for international business and education. It is home to many international schools and universities, making it a great location for educators seeking a diverse teaching environment.
  2. Shanghai: Shanghai is another major city in China that offers numerous teaching opportunities. It is known for its vibrant culture and bustling economy, making it an attractive destination for many expats.
  3. Guangzhou: Located in southern China, Guangzhou is a major commercial and industrial center. It has a large expat community and is home to many international schools and universities.
  4. Shenzhen: Known as China’s Silicon Valley, Shenzhen is a rapidly developing city with a strong economy and many international businesses. It is also home to several international schools and universities.
  5. Hangzhou: Hangzhou is a picturesque city located in eastern China, known for its natural beauty and historic landmarks. It is home to several prestigious universities and offers a unique teaching environment for educators.
  6. Chengdu: Located in western China, Chengdu is a bustling city with a rich cultural heritage. It is home to several international schools and universities, as well as a growing expat community.
  7. Xi’an: Xi’an is a historic city located in central China, known for its ancient landmarks and cultural significance. It is home to several universities and offers a unique teaching environment for educators interested in history and culture.
  8. Suzhou: Suzhou is a charming city located near Shanghai, known for its beautiful gardens and canals. It is home to several international schools and offers a more relaxed teaching environment than some of China’s larger cities.
  9. Kunming: Kunming is a vibrant city located in southwestern China, known for its mild climate and stunning natural scenery. It is home to several universities and offers a unique teaching environment for educators interested in exploring China’s diverse regions.
  10. Nanjing: Nanjing is a historic city located in eastern China, known for its rich cultural heritage and beautiful landmarks. It is home to several universities and offers a more traditional teaching environment for educators interested in immersing themselves in Chinese culture.

Chengdu bridge at night: Popular destination to visit in China while teaching ESL.

Top 10 Destinations To Visit In China While You Are Teaching English

Here are the top 10 destinations to visit in China while you are teaching English:

  1. Beijing: As the capital city of China, Beijing is a must-visit destination for its rich cultural heritage, including the Great Wall of China, the Forbidden City, and the Temple of Heaven.
  2. Shanghai: Known as the “Paris of the East,” Shanghai is a modern city with a vibrant nightlife, a thriving art scene, and amazing cuisine.
  3. Xi’an: Xi’an is the ancient capital of China and home to the world-famous Terracotta Army. It’s also a great place to experience traditional Chinese culture and cuisine.
  4. Guilin: Guilin is known for its picturesque scenery, including the Li River, limestone karst mountains, and rice paddies. It’s a great place to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and immerse yourself in nature.
  5. Chengdu: Famous for its spicy Sichuan cuisine and adorable giant pandas, Chengdu is a great place to experience the laid-back lifestyle of southwestern China.
  6. Hangzhou: Located in eastern China, Hangzhou is known for its beautiful West Lake, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and its famous Longjing tea.
  7. Yangshuo: Yangshuo is a small town located in the Guangxi province, surrounded by limestone mountains and the Li River. It’s a great place for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and kayaking.
  8. Lijiang: Lijiang is a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its ancient town, which has preserved traditional architecture, culture, and customs of the local Naxi people.
  9. Zhangjiajie: Zhangjiajie is famous for its unique natural scenery, including the towering sandstone pillars in Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, which inspired the floating mountains in the movie Avatar.
  10. Hong Kong: Although technically a special administrative region of China, Hong Kong is a must-visit destination for its unique blend of Chinese and Western culture, stunning skyline, and delicious food.

Teaching chalkboard for teaching ESL in China

Teaching English In China: Final Thoughts

Teaching English in China presents an exciting and intellectually stimulating opportunity for educators to engage with a unique culture and develop valuable professional skills. With the rapidly increasing demand for English language education in China, the job market for teachers is expanding at a rapid rate. However, to maximize the benefits of teaching in this context, educators must navigate various cultural, logistical, and linguistic challenges.

The aforementioned destinations offer a diverse array of cultural and natural attractions that educators can explore during their teaching tenure in China. Beijing, for example, boasts an unparalleled wealth of historical landmarks, such as the Forbidden City and the Great Wall, while Shanghai is renowned for its dynamic urban lifestyle and culinary delights. Alternatively, Guilin and Yangshuo offer unparalleled access to natural beauty, including scenic rivers and limestone mountains.

Engaging with the cultural and linguistic differences of China requires a willingness to adapt and learn. Teachers should make an effort to learn basic Mandarin phrases and immerse themselves in local customs and practices. Establishing meaningful connections with students can be a challenging but rewarding process, particularly when educators demonstrate a willingness to learn and adapt to the cultural context.

Teaching English in China can provide educators with the opportunity to develop a deep appreciation for a unique culture, gain valuable professional experience, and expand their skill sets. By embracing the challenges and opportunities of this context, educators can enhance their global perspectives and make a meaningful impact on the lives of their students.

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  1. says: Tricia

    I have an opportunity to teach in China Zhengzou and I wanted to know if you could give me any feed back regarding this part of China and I am a black female. I wanted to know what you can share with me I also have a contract and wanted to know if it was real or not

  2. says: ANNALENE


    I am from South Africa. I have 2 TEFOL Diploma’s. What is the cut off age to teach in China? My Spanish Intermediate. Will they be interested to learn Spanish?

    Kind regards


  3. says: Sonia Bosnjak

    Hi Michael,
    Loved your story. A question or two if you wouldn’t mind – were you required to have a work visa for your teaching in China? Have you taught English anywhere else? If so, were you required to have a Visa for that/those countries as well?
    Kind regards

  4. says: NLM

    Thanks for this post; I’ve read 1,000 posts on teaching English abroad and this was by far the most interesting and informative. I’ve enjoyed The Art of Backpacking;will check out the Art of Travel Blogging next.

    1. Stephanie, I think Michael’s experience would have been ideal with the kind of school and environment he had. I think that’s the biggest factor in terms of enjoying your stint teaching ESL – the working and living conditions. It can be heaven or it can be hell depending on which school you’re at.

  5. says: Hogga

    I am in awe of anyone who teaches. I would not have the patience for it… well maybe if I taught art to people above the age of 19 haha.

  6. says: Nicole

    That would have been an amazing experience. I’d love to get out and be an ESL teacher even just for a short period of time. I think it would be so rewarding when a student just get it! 🙂

  7. One of the best interviews on teaching abroad that I’ve read! And great questions, Samuel. I’ve been sort of curious about this for a few years but still haven’t actually looked into it deep enough to make any plans. It seems like a sweet gig, though, and a great way to experience a new place.

    1. Christy, I’m back in Korea teaching for a fourth time, if you can believe it! LOL I think it’s an excellent way to save money for travel and to experience another culture in the process. As far as the teaching is concerned I’ve grown to enjoy it a lot more as I’ve become a more experienced teacher.

  8. says: Jim

    Really good and informative first hand experiences that others can use! So much interest in teaching English and I’ll bookmark this to refer others to.
    Meantime, can you guys teaching English in China do me a favour? Can you teach them that to get ivory, the elephant has to be killed.

    1. Jim, if you get the opportunity I’d advice you to take it. It’s a great experience to teach and also to live in another country for an extended period of time as opposed to just traveling there. I wish animal rights issues were more of a priority in select places in Asia.

    1. Hey Cam, I’ve really enjoyed teaching abroad but whatever gets you out backpacking and exploring the world is all that really matters in the end. You’ve obviously done a good job of figuring that part out 🙂 If you ever consider doing it though, I’ve met people of all ages as ESL teachers in Korea, so it’s never too late.

    1. says: Michael

      I know for sure the students learned a lot from me. Yes, it did take me a little longer than perhaps a trained teacher would have but I also had the advantage of have been to China and understanding cultural differences and implementing them in my teaching methods. The reality is there just isn’t enough trained teachers teaching in China so in their eyes it’s better than no teacher at all.

      1. I agree with what Michael mentioned regarding understanding the culture as playing a big part in your success within the classroom. I’m also not a trained teacher (have a BA not a BED) but with TESOL training and experience I now feel quite confident teaching overseas. IMO, a lot of it is trial and error, being flexible and learning from mistakes.

  9. says: Abby

    Great interview, guys! My brother taught English in China for awhile before quitting to play poker ha. Now I feel like I could see what his life was like… Huge fan of Michael’s — good first interview pick, Samuel!!

  10. Nice interview with Michael about his experiences in China. Sounds like he’s got a lot going on with teaching and the blog. I totally agree about how hard it is to say what your favorite country is — there’s something special about every place. I must try pizza in Argentina someday!