Eating Sushi in Japan: Do’s and Don’ts for a Great Experience

In Japan, sushi is not just a meal; it’s an art form and a significant part of the culinary heritage. This exquisite dish, which originated as a method of preserving fish in fermented rice, has evolved over centuries into a revered symbol of Japanese cuisine. Today, sushi comes in various forms, from the simplicity of a slice of fish atop a mound of vinegared rice (nigiri) to the creative rolls (maki) that have gained popularity worldwide.

The do's and don'ts of eating sushi in Japan, set in a traditional Japanese sushi restaurant, the scene is vibrant and engaging, filled with characters both local and tourist, immersed in their sushi dining experiences. Some characters are shown following proper sushi etiquette, such as using chopsticks correctly, appreciating the chef's craftsmanship, and eating sushi in one bite. In contrast, others are making common etiquette mistakes like dipping the rice part of the sushi in soy sauce or overusing wasabi. This playful and educational portrayal captures the lively atmosphere of a sushi dining experience in Japan, highlighting the importance of cultural respect and awareness of common etiquette missteps.

Sushi’s journey from humble beginnings to an internationally celebrated cuisine is deeply intertwined with Japan’s cultural and historical identity. It reflects the Japanese aesthetic of wabi-sabi, emphasizing simplicity, elegance, and a deep appreciation of the natural flavors. In the hands of a skilled sushi chef, known as an itamae, sushi transcends food to become an expression of seasonal beauty and the chef’s mastery.

Nomadic Samuel eating sushi in Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan

Importance of Understanding Sushi Etiquette

For those visiting Japan, experiencing authentic sushi is a culinary adventure that is as culturally enlightening as it is delicious. However, to truly appreciate sushi and honor the traditions surrounding it, understanding sushi etiquette is crucial. This etiquette is not about strict rules but rather a way to show respect for the chef’s craft and enhance your dining experience.


source: Our Travel Video From Samuel and Audrey YouTube Channel!

Sushi etiquette in Japan is a blend of art and manners. It encompasses everything from how to order and eat sushi to the way you interact with the itamae. These customs may seem daunting at first, but they are rooted in practicality and respect for the ingredients and their preparation. For instance, certain ways of dipping sushi in soy sauce are intended to avoid overpowering the delicate flavor of the fish, while proper use of chopsticks ensures that the beautifully crafted pieces don’t fall apart.

Essence of sushi in Japanese culture and the importance of sushi etiquette illustrates the journey of sushi from its humble beginnings to becoming an internationally celebrated cuisine. It features symbolic elements such as a skilled itamae (sushi chef), various forms of sushi like nigiri and maki, and scenes of sushi dining, highlighting sushi's cultural and historical identity. It conveys the Japanese aesthetic of wabi-sabi, emphasizing simplicity, elegance, and appreciation of natural flavors. The composition also represents key aspects of sushi etiquette, including the correct way of dipping sushi in soy sauce and the use of chopsticks.

Overview of Sushi in Japanese Culture

Knowing these dos and don’ts can transform a sushi meal from a simple dining experience into an immersive cultural encounter. It shows the itamae that you appreciate their skill and dedication, and it allows you to experience sushi as it’s meant to be enjoyed. As you embark on your sushi journey in Japan, remember that each piece served to you is a culmination of years of tradition, precision, and passion.


source: Our Travel Video From Japan From Samuel and Audrey YouTube Travel Channel

We will explore the essential dos and don’ts of sushi etiquette in Japan, from the perspective of a seasoned travel writer. Whether you’re seated at the counter of a high-end sushi restaurant in Ginza or grabbing a quick bite at a kaiten-zushi (conveyor belt sushi) spot, these tips will help you navigate the sushi dining experience with confidence and respect. So, get ready to dive into the world of sushi, where every bite is a blend of taste, tradition, and art.

The do's of eating sushi in Japan, capturing the scene in a sushi bar shows characters engaged in proper sushi etiquette. One character is seen ordering sushi, respectfully trusting the chef's expertise, while another is familiarizing themselves with different types of sushi like nigiri and maki. Another part of the image shows the proper use of chopsticks and a person eating nigiri correctly with the fish touching the tongue first. There's also a depiction of someone dipping sushi in soy sauce fish-side down. Respectful interactions with the sushi chef are highlighted, including a customer asking questions and expressing gratitude with a nod or a gentle "arigatou gozaimasu." It captures the respectful atmosphere and immersive experience of Japanese sushi culture, emphasizing the traditions and skills involved in sushi making and dining.

Do’s of Eating Sushi

Ordering Sushi

  1. How to Order at a Sushi Bar: When at a sushi bar, especially one that operates on an omakase (chef’s choice) basis, it’s respectful to trust the chef’s expertise. You can express any preferences or dietary restrictions initially, but then let the chef guide your culinary journey. In a more casual setting, you might order from a menu or a conveyor belt, selecting pieces that catch your eye.
  2. Understanding Different Types of Sushi: Familiarize yourself with different types of sushi. Nigiri, hand-pressed rice topped with a slice of fish, and maki, sushi rolls wrapped in seaweed, are common types. Knowing these will help you order confidently and experience a range of flavors and textures.

Eating Sushi

  1. Using Chopsticks Properly: When using chopsticks, avoid rubbing them together as this can be seen as insulting the establishment’s quality. Use them gently to pick up sushi pieces without squeezing too hard.
  2. The Correct Way to Eat Nigiri and Sashimi: For nigiri, the traditional way is to turn it upside down so that the fish, not the rice, touches your tongue first. Sashimi, sliced raw fish, is typically enjoyed by itself or with a dab of wasabi.
  3. How to Dip Sushi in Soy Sauce: Dip sushi into soy sauce fish-side down to avoid soaking the rice, which can cause it to fall apart and alter the intended flavor balance. Less is more – a light touch is all that’s needed.

Interacting with the Sushi Chef

  1. Communication Tips: In high-end sushi restaurants, interaction with the itamae can be part of the experience. Speak respectfully and avoid loud conversations. It’s okay to ask questions about the sushi being served, as most chefs appreciate your interest in their craft.
  2. Showing Appreciation: Expressing gratitude for the chef’s work is important. A simple nod, a smile, or a quiet “arigatou gozaimasu” (thank you) can go a long way in showing your appreciation for the meal and the experience.

Understanding and practicing these do’s of sushi etiquette can greatly enhance your dining experience in Japan. It’s a way to immerse yourself in the Japanese culinary culture, showing respect for the traditions and skills that make sushi a globally revered art form. Whether you’re a seasoned sushi aficionado or a curious first-timer, keeping these tips in mind will ensure a memorable and respectful sushi experience in Japan.

The 'don'ts' of eating sushi in Japan depicts common mistakes and cultural faux pas associated with sushi etiquette, such as mixing wasabi into soy sauce, overloading sushi with condiments, and inappropriate chopstick use with scenes of speaking loudly in sushi bars, misusing condiments like pickled ginger, and disrupting the chef's sushi arrangement. The use of vibrant colors and abstract forms subtly and artistically conveys the essence of these etiquette mistakes, capturing them in a visually engaging manner.

Don’ts of Eating Sushi

Navigating the world of sushi in Japan is as much about knowing what not to do as it is about embracing the do’s. Avoiding certain missteps can enhance your dining experience and show respect for this esteemed Japanese culinary art.

Common Mistakes

  1. Avoiding Mixing Wasabi into Soy Sauce: A frequent mistake made by those unfamiliar with sushi etiquette is mixing wasabi into the soy sauce. This practice is generally frowned upon in Japan. Wasabi is usually placed on the sushi by the chef in the amount deemed perfect for the fish’s flavor. If you prefer more wasabi, it’s acceptable to place a small amount on top of the sushi piece directly.
  2. Not Overloading Sushi with Condiments: Sushi in Japan is crafted to offer a balanced flavor profile, with each ingredient playing its part. Overloading it with condiments like soy sauce or pickled ginger can overwhelm the delicate flavors. Pickled ginger is intended as a palate cleanser between pieces, not as a topping.
  3. Avoiding Improper Chopstick Etiquette: Avoid using chopsticks inappropriately. This includes pointing with them, passing food directly from your chopsticks to someone else’s (a gesture associated with funeral rites), and sticking them upright in your rice bowl, another action reminiscent of funeral rituals.

Cultural Faux Pas

  1. Speaking Loudly in the Sushi Bar: Sushi bars in Japan are often places of quiet respect and contemplation of the food. Speaking loudly or creating a disturbance can be seen as disrespectful both to the chef and other patrons. Conversations should be kept at a low, respectful volume.
  2. Misusing Sushi Condiments: Misuse of sushi condiments can be a faux pas. For example, it’s a common mistake to eat pickled ginger as part of the sushi piece, rather than using it as a palate cleanser between bites. Similarly, pouring too much soy sauce or trying to soak the rice part of nigiri in it can be seen as disrespecting the chef’s preparation.
  3. Disrespecting Sushi Arrangement: The chef arranges sushi in a specific order for a reason, usually to provide a particular taste journey. Randomly picking pieces from the platter without following this order can disrupt the intended flavor progression. Trust the chef’s arrangement for the optimal tasting experience.

Understanding these don’ts is key to appreciating the subtle complexities of sushi. By avoiding these common mistakes and cultural faux pas, you demonstrate not only your knowledge of sushi etiquette but also your respect for the rich culinary tradition of Japan. Enjoying sushi in Japan is a culturally immersive experience, and being mindful of these guidelines ensures a respectful and memorable dining experience.

Lively and engaging atmosphere of a kaiten-zushi (conveyor belt sushi) restaurant in Japan, scene is set in a vibrant and colorful sushi restaurant, with a rotating conveyor belt prominently featured. Characters in the artwork are seen choosing seats at the counter, where they have the best view of the sushi options passing by. Some are depicted picking plates of sushi off the conveyor belt, while others interact with touch screens for made-to-order sushi. It includes details like color-coded plates and a variety of sushi options on the belt, showcasing the diversity and fun of the kaiten-zushi experience. Customers stacking plates after eating add to the casual, interactive nature of the dining experience. It beautifully captures the mix of traditional sushi culture with modern convenience and innovation, set in a laid-back yet respectful dining atmosphere.

Experiencing Conveyor Belt Sushi

Conveyor belt sushi, known as kaiten-zushi in Japan, offers a fun and more casual way to enjoy sushi. These restaurants, where plates of sushi are placed on a rotating conveyor belt that winds through the restaurant, provide a unique dining experience.

Nomadic Samuel enjoying a huge stack of sushi plates in Hakodate, Japan.

How to Enjoy Kaiten-Zushi

  1. Choosing a Seat: When you enter a kaiten-zushi restaurant, you can either choose a seat at the counter where the conveyor belt passes directly in front of you or at a booth. Counter seats offer the best view of the sushi choices as they pass by.
  2. Picking Your Sushi: The joy of kaiten-zushi lies in the ability to see and choose your sushi as it comes around. Feel free to pick up any plate that looks appealing. The plates are often color-coded by price, so you can keep track of how much you’re spending.
  3. Ordering Made-to-Order Sushi: If you don’t see what you want on the conveyor, most kaiten-zushi restaurants also offer made-to-order options. Simply call out to a chef or use a touch screen, if available, to place your order.
  4. Trying a Variety: Kaiten-zushi is ideal for trying a variety of sushi without a large commitment. Since the plates usually come with just one or two pieces, you can sample different kinds without getting too full.

Conveyer Belt Sushi Restaurant in Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan

Differences in Etiquette at Conveyor Belt Sushi Restaurants

  1. Plate Handling: Only take plates that you are sure you will eat. It’s considered bad manners to touch a plate and then put it back on the belt. Once you’ve taken a plate, it’s yours.
  2. Soy Sauce and Wasabi Usage: Even in the casual setting of a kaiten-zushi, remember the etiquette regarding soy sauce and wasabi. Avoid mixing wasabi into your soy sauce and use it sparingly to not overpower the sushi’s flavor.
  3. Keeping Track of Your Plates: Your bill will be calculated based on the number and type of plates you’ve accumulated. Stack them neatly at your table as you finish each plate.
  4. Politeness and Respect: While kaiten-zushi is a more relaxed environment, maintaining politeness and respect is still important. Be mindful of other diners and avoid loud or disruptive behavior.
  5. Use of Touch Screens and Ordering Systems: In modern kaiten-zushi restaurants, you may find touch screens for ordering. These are straightforward to use and often have English options. This system ensures you get exactly what you want in a timely manner.

Delicious sushi on a plate in Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan

Kaiten-zushi is a must-try experience in Japan, blending the traditional sushi experience with modern convenience and innovation. It’s an excellent option for those new to sushi or those looking for a quick, affordable, and fun meal. The laid-back atmosphere, combined with the joy of choosing from an ever-present array of options, makes for a delightful dining experience.

Etiquette and experience of dining in a high-end sushi restaurant in Japan, specifically focusing on the omakase tradition depicts the intimate setting of an omakase sushi bar, where the chef meticulously prepares sushi while engaging respectfully with diners. It includes symbolic representations of the careful pacing and ordering of dishes, the minimal use of condiments, and the appreciation of each piece of sushi. Employing vibrant colors, abstract forms, and fragmented perspectives, the piece conveys the nuances of this unique culinary experience, highlighting the deep respect for the chef's craftsmanship and the immersive cultural aspect of dining in such an establishment.

Sushi Etiquette in High-End Sushi Restaurants

Dining in a high-end sushi restaurant in Japan is a unique culinary experience, steeped in tradition and artistry. To fully appreciate and honor this experience, understanding the nuances of sushi etiquette, particularly in the context of omakase and the respect for the chef’s craftsmanship, is crucial.

Understanding Omakase (Chef’s Choice)

  1. The Concept of Omakase: Omakase, meaning “I leave it up to you,” is a dining experience where the chef selects and serves a sequence of dishes based on the freshest ingredients available that day. This style is the epitome of experiencing the chef’s expertise and creativity.
  2. Entering the Omakase Experience: When you choose omakase, you’re entering a culinary journey guided by the chef. It’s important to communicate any dietary restrictions or strong preferences upfront, but beyond that, the choice is left to the chef. Trusting the chef’s judgment is part of the omakase etiquette.
  3. Pace and Order of Dishes: The chef carefully considers the order in which the sushi is served. Each piece is presented to maximize your enjoyment of the flavor progression, so it’s best to eat each piece soon after it’s served.

Respecting the Chef’s Craftsmanship

  1. Observing the Chef’s Skill: In high-end sushi restaurants, watching the chef prepare sushi is part of the experience. Observe the meticulous techniques and the precision that goes into crafting each piece. It’s a silent acknowledgment of the chef’s skill and years of dedication.
  2. Minimal Use of Condiments: High-end sushi is prepared with the exact amount of wasabi and seasoning needed to complement the fish. Additional soy sauce or wasabi is typically unnecessary and can be seen as disrespecting the chef’s preparation. If you feel the need for extra soy sauce, dip the fish side lightly.
  3. Direct Interaction with the Chef: In such settings, it’s acceptable and even encouraged to engage with the chef, thanking them for each piece or asking questions about the ingredients. This interaction, however, should be respectful and not disruptive.
  4. Appreciating Each Piece: Take time to savor each piece of sushi. The chef has crafted it with care, and quick consumption without appreciation can be seen as a lack of respect for the chef’s effort.
  5. Gratitude at the End of the Meal: At the end of an omakase meal, expressing your gratitude to the chef for the dining experience is a gesture of respect. A simple “arigatou gozaimashita” (thank you very much) will convey your appreciation.

Dining in a high-end sushi restaurant in Japan is as much about the cultural experience as it is about the food. Understanding and respecting the traditions and etiquette of omakase and acknowledging the chef’s craftsmanship will not only enhance your dining experience but also pay homage to the rich culinary heritage of Japan. It’s an opportunity to immerse yourself in the world of Japanese gastronomy.

Sushi etiquette in casual settings in Japan, scene is set in a lively local sushi chain with a conveyor belt, where diners are shown selecting plates, mindful of the color-coded pricing system. The characters are engaging in appropriate sushi etiquette, including using soy sauce and wasabi correctly, and choosing between eating with hands or chopsticks. It depicts a family-friendly sushi restaurant, where customers order from a menu and enjoy a variety of sushi styles. The interactions between diners, families, and sushi chefs in both settings are highlighted, showcasing the vibrant, welcoming, and respectful atmosphere typical of these casual sushi dining experiences. It illustrates the harmonious blend of tradition and accessibility in Japan's sushi culture.

Sushi Etiquette in Casual Settings

When embarking on the gastronomic journey of eating sushi in Japan, one finds a world rich in tradition and etiquette, even in its most casual forms. This guide explores the nuances of sushi culture within local sushi chains and family-friendly restaurants across Japan, ensuring that diners can navigate these settings with ease and respect.

Eating at Local Sushi Chains

In Japan, local sushi chains are a bustling tapestry of culinary delight. Here, conveyor belts parade an array of sushi before eager diners, and chefs showcase their artistry in plain view. This is where accessibility meets tradition, and the experience is as vibrant as it is delicious.

1. Plate Selection: The conveyor belt offers a tempting selection, but remember, each plate’s color typically indicates its price. It’s wise to keep track to manage your bill.

2. Soy Sauce and Wasabi Usage: These condiments are intended to enhance, not overwhelm, the sushi’s flavor. The proper etiquette is to lightly dip the sushi fish-side down in soy sauce. Wasabi is often pre-applied by the chef, so additional use is up to the diner’s preference.

3. Hands or Chopsticks: In Japan, both methods are equally acceptable. Sushi’s roots as a street food allow for a hands-on approach, yet using chopsticks is equally respectful and common.

Appropriate Behavior in Family-Friendly Sushi Restaurants

Family-friendly sushi restaurants in Japan offer a welcoming environment for all ages, blending traditional sushi with a relaxed dining experience. These venues are ideal for enjoying sushi with family and friends, with a menu that caters to diverse tastes.

1. Ordering Process: Unlike sushi chains with conveyor belts, these restaurants usually have a menu-based ordering system. Asking the server for recommendations is a good way to explore the menu, especially for those unfamiliar with sushi or dining with children.

2. Flavor Exploration: With a variety of sushi styles, including options for those who prefer cooked food, these restaurants encourage culinary exploration within the comfort of familiar settings.

3. Respect and Enjoyment: The relaxed atmosphere doesn’t diminish the respect for the sushi chefs’ skills and the quality of ingredients. Appreciating the craftsmanship behind each dish is part of the authentic Japanese sushi experience.

4. Mindful Eating: Even in casual settings, it’s important to avoid over-ordering. This practice not only shows respect for the preparation of the food but also aligns with the Japanese principle of appreciating the meal’s freshness and flavor at its peak.

Variety of sushi options available in Japan for those with dietary restrictions, including vegetarian and vegan choices depicts a colorful and diverse array of sushi, focusing on alternative ingredients like tamago, vegetables, tofu, and seaweed. It includes scenes or symbolic representations of chefs accommodating different dietary needs and highlights innovative creations and regional specialties. Bright colors, abstract shapes, and fragmented perspectives are used to represent the adaptability and inclusiveness of Japanese sushi culture in catering to various dietary preferences.

Dietary Considerations

When it comes to savoring sushi in Japan, the land where this culinary masterpiece originated, dietary restrictions don’t have to be a barrier to enjoyment. This section of the guide delves into how travelers with specific dietary needs can navigate the world of sushi, and highlights the delightful array of vegetarian and vegan options available.

Navigating Sushi with Dietary Restrictions

Japan’s sushi culture is deeply rooted in a history of using fresh, diverse ingredients, offering a spectrum of options for those with dietary restrictions.

1. Communicating Needs: In Japan, chefs take pride in their ability to accommodate guests. Don’t hesitate to communicate any dietary restrictions. Learning a few key phrases in Japanese or having them written down can be immensely helpful.

2. Alternative Ingredients: For those avoiding certain types of fish or shellfish due to allergies or preferences, many sushi restaurants offer alternatives like tamago (sweet egg), various vegetables, or even beef and chicken options.

3. Cross-Contamination Awareness: While chefs are careful, cross-contamination can occur in busy kitchens. It’s advisable for those with severe allergies to inform the staff beforehand to ensure extra precautions are taken.

4. Gluten-Free Options: Soy sauce, a common accompaniment to sushi, traditionally contains gluten. However, many places now offer gluten-free soy sauce, so be sure to ask for it if needed.

Vegetarian and Vegan Sushi Options

The rise of vegetarianism and veganism has not gone unnoticed in Japan. Sushi chefs have innovatively embraced plant-based ingredients, creating sushi that is both authentic and accommodating to these dietary choices.

1. Vegetable-Focused Sushi: Staples such as cucumber (kappa maki), avocado, and pickled radish (kanpyo maki) rolls are common. Nigiri topped with eggplant, bell peppers, and shiitake mushrooms also offer a delightful experience.

2. Tofu and Seaweed Specialties: Tofu-based dishes and seaweed salads are excellent options. Inari sushi, which is sushi rice wrapped in a sweet, marinated tofu pocket, is a must-try for vegans and vegetarians alike.

3. Innovative Creations: Many chefs have started experimenting with ingredients like fermented soybeans (natto) and umeboshi (pickled plum) to create unique, plant-based sushi dishes.

4. Seasonal and Regional Specialties: Depending on the season and region, a variety of unique vegetable sushi options are available. Japan’s diverse climate yields a rich array of local produce, which is often reflected in region-specific sushi offerings.

Eloquently captures the essence of sushi etiquette as an integral part of an authentic dining experience in Japan, portrays an intimate and respectful sushi dining setting, where diners are shown engaging with sushi chefs in a manner that reflects deep respect for the culinary art form. It emphasizes the cultural immersion and artistry of sushi, with elements that symbolize etiquette as a bridge to understanding Japanese culture. Diners are depicted carefully enjoying sushi according to traditional customs and expressing appreciation for the skill and precision involved in its preparation. It conveys a profound appreciation of Japanese culture and the intricate world of sushi, highlighting how proper etiquette not only enhances the culinary experience but also embodies cultural sensitivity and respect.

Importance of Sushi Etiquette for an Authentic Experience

As our journey through the rich and intricate world of sushi in Japan comes to a close, it’s essential to reflect on the importance of sushi etiquette for an authentic experience and the spirit of openness and respect that makes this culinary adventure truly memorable.

Sushi in Japan is more than just a meal; it’s a cultural immersion, an art form steeped in tradition and precision. Understanding and adhering to sushi etiquette is not merely about following rules; it’s about showing respect for this age-old culinary art and the artisans who dedicate their lives to it.

1. Etiquette as a Bridge: Etiquette serves as a bridge between the diner and the rich history of sushi. It enhances the appreciation of the skill involved in sushi making, from the selection of the freshest ingredients to the meticulous preparation.

2. Enhancing the Culinary Experience: Following sushi etiquette can elevate the dining experience. It allows for a deeper understanding of the flavors and textures, ensuring that each piece of sushi is enjoyed as the chef intended.

3. Cultural Sensitivity: Adhering to local customs and etiquette is a sign of respect for Japanese culture. It shows an appreciation and understanding that goes beyond the surface-level enjoyment of the cuisine.

Spirit of enjoying sushi in Japan with respect and openness. It portrays the joy and social aspect of sharing sushi, emphasizing the communal experience of dining. It reflects the adventurous spirit of trying new flavors and textures, along with deep respect for the sushi chefs' craftsmanship. Elements representing a variety of sushi, from simple nigiri to elaborate rolls, are included as it conveys the richness of the sushi experience and its connection to Japanese culture.

Encouragement to Enjoy Sushi in Japan with Respect and Openness

To truly embrace the sushi experience in Japan, one must approach it with a spirit of respect and openness. This journey is as much about exploring new flavors and textures as it is about understanding a different culture and its culinary traditions.

1. Embrace the Variety: Japan’s sushi offers an incredible variety, from the simplest nigiri to the most elaborate rolls. Each type tells a story, a piece of culinary history that’s waiting to be discovered.

2. Respect the Craft: Each sushi chef has their own way of preparing and presenting sushi. Respecting their methods and appreciating their craftsmanship is part of the authentic sushi experience.

3. Be Adventurous: Trying sushi in Japan is an opportunity to step out of one’s culinary comfort zone. Whether it’s sampling a local specialty or trying a type of fish for the first time, each bite is an adventure.

4. Share the Experience: Sushi is often about sharing – with friends, family, or even fellow travelers. It’s a social experience, a chance to bond over a shared love of food and discovery.

In conclusion, the journey through the world of sushi in Japan is one that is enriched by knowledge, respect, and openness. Understanding the etiquette and approaching each dining experience with a sense of curiosity and appreciation not only deepens the enjoyment but also connects diners to the heart of Japanese culture. So, as you embark on your sushi adventure in Japan, remember to savor each moment, from the first bow to the last bite, and let the journey be a gateway to a deeper understanding and love for this exquisite facet of Japanese cuisine.

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