The Best Japanese Onsens and Hot Springs for a Relaxing Getaway

To truly grasp the beauty and allure of Japanese onsens, one must delve deep into the pages of Japan’s rich history, where the narrative of these hot springs intertwines with legend, spirituality, and the very essence of Japanese culture.

The best Japanese onsens and hot springs for a relaxing getaway - digital art

Derived from the Japanese word ‘Onsen,’ meaning ‘hot spring,’ onsens can trace their origins to the ancient times of Japan. The archipelago of Japan is uniquely situated atop a volcanic zone in the Pacific Ring of Fire.


source: Our Travel Channel Samuel and Audrey

This geographical characteristic results in a plethora of natural hot springs scattered across its scenic landscapes. From the snowy terrains of Hokkaido to the tropical paradises of Kyushu, these hot springs have shaped both the topography and the cultural fabric of Japan for centuries.

Cultural tapestry and ethereal origins of onsens in Japanese folklore -d digital art

The Cultural Tapestry and Ethereal Origins of Onsens

The earliest records and mention of onsens in Japanese folklore date back over a thousand years. They are often enveloped in tales where deities and ancient spirits are said to have bestowed these warm waters upon the land, offering both solace and healing to its inhabitants. Many onsens are thus considered sacred, tied closely to Shinto beliefs, where they symbolize purity, divinity, and the powerful bond between man and nature.

Here I Am (Nomadic Samuel) enjoying soaking my feet in the onsen foot bath town of Yuzawa, Japan

Throughout the different eras of Japan, from the Nara to the Heian periods and beyond, onsens have been places of rejuvenation and relaxation, offering respite to traveling monks, weary samurai, and the general populace alike. They have been immortalized in art, literature, and even poetry, with the great poet Matsuo Bashō once penning haikus about the ethereal beauty of these hot springs.

Nomadic Samuel Enjoying River Onsen Noboribetsu, Japan

Moreover, onsens also played pivotal roles in communal living. They weren’t just places for individual relaxation; they were social grounds. In the days before the proliferation of private baths in households, public onsens became gathering places where news was exchanged, relationships forged, and community ties strengthened.

Japan Onsen Travel Guide: Deep Dive Into Japanese Culture

A Balm for the Soul and Body: Health Benefits of Soaking in Onsens

While onsens are undoubtedly a haven for the weary soul, they offer a myriad of physical health benefits as well. The minerals dissolved in these hot spring waters, often unique to each onsen, cater to different therapeutic needs.

Health benefits of soaking in Japanese onsens infographic

  1. Sulfur Springs: Often recognized by their distinct aroma, sulfur springs are known to soothe joint pain, promote smoother skin, and alleviate conditions like chronic dermatitis and asthma.
  2. Iron Springs: Darker in appearance, these springs can help ameliorate anemia and improve one’s overall physical well-being.
  3. Carbonate Springs: Beneficial for hypertension and peripheral circulation, carbonate springs are known to promote a rosy glow, enhancing skin health.
  4. Sodium Chloride Springs: These saline springs, akin to the salinity of seawater, can aid in heat retention and improve metabolism, helping those with poor circulation.
  5. Acidic Springs: With their astringent properties, acidic springs can help with skin conditions such as eczema and other inflammatory ailments.

Beyond their mineral content, the very act of soaking in an onsen promotes better blood circulation, muscle relaxation, and stress relief. The warmth of the water stimulates the production of heat shock proteins, which play a role in strengthening the immune system. Furthermore, the serene environments surrounding most onsens—think mountains, rivers, and chirping birds—enhance mental tranquility, which in itself has myriad health benefits.

Japanese onsens are more than just warm pools of water; they are a treasure trove of history, culture, and wellness. As they steam quietly amidst the natural beauty of Japan, they beckon travelers from near and far to immerse themselves, both physically and spiritually, in their soothing embrace.


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What Are Onsens?

Derived from the Japanese word ‘Onsen’ (温泉), which literally translates to “hot spring,” onsens are more than just geothermally heated waters. They are deeply rooted in the Japanese culture, traditions, and lifestyle. While most cultures around the world enjoy hot springs, onsens stand apart not just because of their natural composition, but also because of their spiritual and cultural significance in Japan.

Explaining what onsens are and highlighting the differences between onsens and regular hot springs infographic

Difference Between Onsens and Regular Hot Springs

  1. Natural Composition: True onsens must have at least one of 19 designated chemical elements, excluding radon and its decay products, and be 25°C or higher when it springs from the source. This specific mineral content is not always a requirement for regular hot springs found in other parts of the world.
  2. Cultural and Spiritual Significance: In Japan, onsens are more than just warm bathing spots. They have historical connections to Shintoism, Buddhism, and the very art of healing. A regular hot spring elsewhere might be seen as a mere leisure spot, but an onsen is a place for healing both the body and the spirit.
  3. Bathing Etiquette: The act of entering an onsen involves a specific ritual of cleansing the body before immersing oneself in the mineral-rich waters. This is different from many western hot springs where one might simply enter the water.
  4. Setting: Onsens are often found in serene and scenic locations – mountainous regions, coastal areas, and rural settings. The ambience and architectural style surrounding onsens play a role in delivering a complete experience. Regular hot springs, though they can also be found in beautiful locations, might not always emphasize harmonizing with nature in the same way as onsens.

Natural Minerals in Onsens and Their Benefits

natural minerals found in Japanese onsens and their health benefits infographic

  1. Sulfur (硫黄, Iō):
    • Benefits: Sulfur-rich onsens can help with chronic bronchitis, hardening of the arteries, and rheumatism. It can also benefit the skin, making it smooth and soft. It’s even said to have a slight skin-lightening effect.
  2. Sodium Chloride (塩, Shio):
    • Benefits: Salt-rich baths, often found near the coast, are great for warming the body and are believed to help with low blood pressure, rheumatism, and digestive problems.
  3. Calcium (カルシウム, Karushiumu):
    • Benefits: Calcium-rich onsens are said to be excellent for healing cuts, burns, and chronic skin diseases. They can also provide relief from muscle and joint pain.
  4. Magnesium (マグネシウム, Maguneshiumu):
    • Benefits: Magnesium is believed to help in promoting skin metabolism and cleansing the skin.
  5. Radon (ラドン, Radon):
    • Benefits: Though it’s a radioactive substance, radon in onsens can be therapeutic in small doses. It’s believed to boost cellular activity and metabolism, which can assist in the alleviation of various ailments.
  6. Bicarbonate Ions (重曹泉, Jūsō-sen):
    • Benefits: These onsens are particularly good for making the skin smooth and treating heat rashes and burns.
  7. Iron (鉄, Tetsu):
    • Benefits: Iron-rich onsens, often characterized by a reddish or brownish tint to the water, are believed to help with anemia.
  8. Metasilicic Acid (メタけい酸, Meta Keisan):
    • Benefits: This compound helps improve the skin’s protective abilities and is known to give the skin a beautiful complexion.
  9. Carbon Dioxide (二酸化炭素, Nisanka tanso):
    • Benefits: Carbonated onsens can help improve blood circulation and are beneficial for hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and chronic skin diseases.

Apart from these minerals, onsens often contain many other trace elements that can offer therapeutic benefits. It’s also worth noting that the temperatures and the unique blend of minerals can vary from one onsen to another, leading to a myriad of potential health benefits.

Onsens are emblematic of Japan’s relationship with nature, spirituality, and well-being. These naturally occurring hot springs, enriched with unique minerals, offer both physiological and psychological benefits. Unlike regular hot springs that might just be hot water sources, onsens represent a holistic experience that binds together the healing power of nature with centuries of Japanese tradition and ritual.

Japanese onsen with bamboo water system delivery and bathing bowls in Japan

Top Japanese Onsens for a Relaxing Getaway

Beppu (Oita)


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Overview of the Beppu Area

Beppu, located in Oita Prefecture on the eastern coast of Kyushu, is often heralded as Japan’s premier hot spring town. Nestled between the stunning Beppu Bay and the verdant mountains, the city boasts more hot spring water than any other region in the country. The views of steam rising from various parts of the city, coupled with the backdrop of the serene Beppu Bay, make it a picturesque destination that resonates deeply with onsen aficionados and nature lovers alike.

With over 2,500 hot springs, Beppu offers a range of experiences from traditional onsens, mud baths, sand baths, to steam baths. The city is divided into eight major hot spring areas, often referred to as the “Beppu Hatto,” and each has its distinct character and appeal.

Picturesque landscape and unique hot spring culture of Beppu in Oita Prefecture, Japan - digital art

Notable Hot Springs to Visit

  • Takegawara Onsen: One of the city’s oldest and most iconic bathhouses, Takegawara Onsen offers the unique experience of sand baths where visitors are buried in naturally heated sand. This method is believed to be highly effective in increasing body temperature and aiding detoxification.
  • Kannawa Onsen: Renowned for its steam baths or “jigoku mushi,” where visitors can enjoy steam directly sourced from the hot springs, this onsen is a treat for those looking for a distinct Beppu experience.
  • Hyotan Onsen: The only onsen in Japan with three Michelin stars, Hyotan offers a variety of baths, including waterfall baths, carbonated baths, and traditional outdoor onsens. The bamboo-cooled bath is a must-try, a refreshing experience in contrast to the hot waters.
  • Myoban Onsen: This onsen area is known for its traditional thatched-roof huts that produce “yunohana” or bath salts, which are used for at-home onsen experiences. Here, you can enjoy a bath while taking in the rustic and nostalgic atmosphere.

Special Features: “Hell Tour” of the Unique Springs

One of the most famous attractions in Beppu is the “Jigoku Meguri” or the “Hell Tour.” The term “jigoku” translates to “hells” in English, and these are natural onsens that are too hot for bathing but are visually stunning and unique, making them popular tourist destinations. Each “hell” has a different character and story:

  • Umi Jigoku (Sea Hell): True to its name, the hot spring is a mesmerizing cobalt blue, resembling the sea, surrounded by a beautifully manicured garden.
  • Oniishibozu Jigoku: Named after the mud bubbles that form and resemble the shaven heads of monks, this hell offers a delightful view of bubbling gray mud.
  • Shiraike Jigoku (White Pond Hell): This spring boasts a milky white pond, surrounded by a serene Japanese garden.
  • Kamado Jigoku (Cooking Pot Hell): Characterized by multiple ponds of varying temperatures, you can even taste steamed treats cooked by the hot spring steam.
  • Chinoike Jigoku (Blood Pond Hell): Probably the most striking of all, this hell has a reddish hue due to the high iron content in the water, making it appear as if it’s boiling blood.
  • Tatsumaki Jigoku (Spout Hell): This geyser erupts every 30 minutes or so, providing a spectacle of steam and hot water shooting up into the sky.

Embarking on the “Hell Tour” is an exploration of nature’s raw power and beauty, offering visitors an understanding of the geothermal forces that have shaped Beppu’s landscape and culture.

Beppu, with its rich tapestry of hot spring experiences, from the therapeutic to the visually stunning, stands as a testament to Japan’s unparalleled onsen culture. Whether you’re seeking relaxation, a unique cultural experience, or a deeper understanding of nature’s wonders, Beppu offers an onsen experience that is hard to match anywhere in the world.

Hakone (Kanagawa)


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Proximity to Tokyo

Hakone, a picturesque town located in the mountainous region of Kanagawa Prefecture, is one of Japan’s most popular hot spring destinations and is easily accessible from Tokyo. Approximately 90 kilometers away, a trip to Hakone offers both domestic and international tourists a serene escape from the hustle and bustle of the metropolis. With convenient transportation options, including the Odakyu Romancecar and a combination of buses and trains, travelers can reach Hakone in just under two hours, making it an ideal destination for both day trips and overnight stays.

Hakone, showcasing its picturesque setting in the mountainous region of Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan - digital art

Scenic Views of Mt. Fuji

One of the major draws of Hakone, apart from its renowned onsens, is the breathtaking view it offers of Mt. Fuji. The iconic, snow-capped peak of Japan’s tallest mountain can be viewed majestically from various spots in Hakone, especially on clear days. Whether you’re cruising on Lake Ashi aboard a pirate ship, trekking the Hakone Ropeway, or simply relaxing in an open-air onsen, the chance to witness Mt. Fuji with its reflection shimmering on the lake or its peak piercing the azure sky is truly a sight to behold.

The region’s diverse topography, with its verdant forests, serene lakes, and volcanic activity, combined with the splendor of Mt. Fuji, offers visitors a unique blend of natural beauty and cultural significance.

Recommended Onsens in the Area

  • Hakone Yuryo: A luxurious onsen resort, Hakone Yuryo provides both communal baths separated by gender and private onsens. Set amidst lush green surroundings, the open-air baths at Hakone Yuryo provide a quintessential Hakone experience, blending relaxation with nature’s beauty.
  • Tenzan Onsen: Known for its rustic ambiance and multiple outdoor pools, Tenzan Onsen is a favorite among both locals and tourists. With waterfalls and wooden structures, it truly feels like a retreat into Japan’s traditional onsen culture.
  • Yunessun Spa Resort: A unique fusion of traditional Japanese onsen and modern spa concepts, Yunessun offers themed baths, including a wine bath, coffee bath, and even a green tea bath. It’s a more family-friendly option as it allows mixed-gender bathing in certain sections, making it suitable for those with young children.
  • Gora Kadan: Once a retreat for the Imperial family, Gora Kadan is now a ryokan (traditional Japanese inn) offering a high-end onsen experience. Here, guests can indulge in serene baths while enjoying views of meticulously curated gardens.
  • Hakone Ginyu: Perched on a mountainside, this ryokan offers private onsen baths for each of its rooms. The panoramic views of the mountain range and valleys, combined with the soothing properties of the onsen, create an atmosphere of absolute tranquility.

Hakone is not just an onsen town; it’s a tapestry of cultural, natural, and therapeutic experiences. The proximity to Tokyo makes it a convenient escape, but it’s the transformative power of the region – where the warmth of the onsens, the majesty of Mt. Fuji, and the serenity of nature come together – that leaves an indelible mark on its visitors. Whether you’re a solo traveler seeking solace, a couple looking for a romantic getaway, or a family wanting a mix of fun and relaxation, Hakone promises a rejuvenating experience.


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Noboribetsu (Hokkaido)

Description of the Hell Valley (Jigokudani)

Nestled in Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan, Noboribetsu is arguably the island’s most famous onsen town. At the heart of this town lies the awe-inspiring Jigokudani or “Hell Valley.” Spanning over 450,000 square meters, this geothermal wonder is a testament to the Earth’s raw and potent power. The area, characterized by its barren landscapes, steaming vents, sulfurous streams, and boiling ponds, earned its dramatic name from the eerie, otherworldly atmosphere that it exudes.

the Hell Valley (Jigokudani) in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, capturing its unique geothermal features and the variety of therapeutic mineral baths - digital art

The valley is not just a spectacle to behold but is the very source of Noboribetsu’s abundant hot spring waters. The volcanic activity below Jigokudani provides a rich supply of minerals that feed the various onsens in the town. Walking paths have been carved out for tourists to explore this vast expanse, with platforms providing panoramic views of the steamy, rugged terrain. In the winter, a stark contrast emerges as the white snow juxtaposes with the rising steam, making it a visual delight.

Different Types of Mineral Baths Available

Noboribetsu’s hot springs are renowned for their diverse mineral composition. The range of baths available caters to various therapeutic needs:

  • Sulfur Springs (Iōsen): The most iconic of Noboribetsu’s baths, the waters are easily recognized by their distinctive smell. Bathing in these springs helps with chronic respiratory diseases and softens the skin.
  • Salt Springs (Shio-sen): Beneficial for warming the body, these springs are excellent for improving circulation and relieving fatigue.
  • Iron Springs (Tetsu-sen): The iron-rich waters, typically reddish-brown, are believed to be effective for anemia and fatigue.
  • Alkaline Springs (Bihada-sen): Often referred to as “Beauty Skin Baths,” these springs have a silky quality and are believed to have skin-smoothing properties.
  • Acidic Iron Springs (Ganbanyoku-sen): The waters in these springs are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and can be effective for treating skin disorders.

Other Attractions in the Area

Beyond its onsens, Noboribetsu offers a variety of attractions:

  • Noboribetsu Bear Park: Perched atop a mountain, this park is home to the indigenous Hokkaido brown bear. A cable car ride offers stunning views of Hell Valley below, and at the park, visitors can observe and even feed these majestic creatures.
  • Noboribetsu Date Jidaimura: This historical theme park offers a trip back in time to the Edo period. With samurai shows, ninja performances, and traditional games, it’s a cultural immersion into Japan’s storied past.
  • Oyunuma Pond: A sulfurous pond with a temperature of around 50°C, it’s a significant source of the hot spring waters that flow into the town. Nearby, the Oyunuma River, a hot stream, is a natural foot bath spot where visitors can dip their feet and relax.
  • Onsen Tengoku (Hot Spring Heaven): A stretch of hotels, shops, and eateries, this area is perfect for visitors to get a taste of local cuisine, shop for souvenirs, or simply stroll around.

Noboribetsu, with its dynamic landscapes, mineral-rich waters, and cultural attractions, is a mosaic of experiences that cater to both the body and the soul. The visceral power of Hell Valley, the therapeutic embrace of its onsens, and the cultural tapestry of its attractions make it a must-visit destination in Hokkaido. Whether you’re a wellness seeker, a nature enthusiast, or a history buff, Noboribetsu promises an encounter with the sublime wonders of nature and the rich tapestry of Japanese culture.

Ibusuki (Kagoshima)


source: Abroad In Japan on YouTube

Unique Sand Baths by the Beach

Nestled on the southernmost tip of Japan’s Kyushu Island, Ibusuki in Kagoshima is famed for a spa experience unlike any other in Japan – the sand baths. Instead of soaking in water, visitors here lie down on the beach, letting the staff bury them in the naturally heated volcanic sands. The warmth emanates from the hot springs beneath, providing a therapeutic blanket. The juxtaposition of the heated sand, the calming sound of the waves, and the fresh ocean breeze makes the experience both invigorating and deeply relaxing. This tradition, spanning centuries, remains an integral part of Ibusuki’s allure.

Ibusuki in Kagoshima, Japan, famous for its unique sand baths by the beach - digital art

Health Benefits of the Volcanic Sands

The sand bath experience is not just a novelty; it offers an array of health benefits:

  • Deep Heat Penetration: Unlike traditional hot springs where the warmth tends to remain on the skin’s surface, the heat from the volcanic sands penetrates deeper into the muscles. This aids in alleviating muscular pain, tension, and fatigue.
  • Enhanced Detoxification: The intense heat promotes perspiration, enabling the body to eliminate toxins more effectively than a typical sauna or steam bath.
  • Improved Circulation: The warmth stimulates blood flow, promoting better circulation throughout the body, which in turn aids in cellular regeneration and overall wellness.
  • Skin Rejuvenation: The mineral-rich sands, combined with intense perspiration, can lead to clearer, softer skin by unclogging pores and facilitating a natural detoxification process.
  • Relief for Joint Pains: Many visitors have reported relief from ailments like rheumatism and arthritis after experiencing these baths.
  • Relaxation and Stress Relief: Beyond the physical benefits, being enveloped in warm sand while listening to the rhythmic cadence of the ocean waves is profoundly calming for the mind, making it an effective remedy for stress.

Nearby Attractions

Beyond its unique sand baths, Ibusuki boasts several attractions that offer insights into the region’s natural and cultural beauty:

  • Satsuma Denshokan: A museum that pays homage to the Satsuma legacy, showcasing exquisite Satsuma pottery and the history of the region.
  • Kaimondake Volcano: Often referred to as the “Satsuma Fuji” due to its conical shape reminiscent of Mount Fuji, it offers trekking opportunities for nature enthusiasts. The panoramic view from the top is spectacular, especially during sunrise or sunset.
  • Yamakawa Salt Factory: Learn about the traditional methods of salt-making in this region. The salt, derived from seawater using age-old techniques, is renowned for its purity and taste.
  • Chiringashima: Accessible by foot during low tide, this island is perfect for those looking for a serene getaway. With its pristine beaches and clear waters, it’s an ideal spot for swimming, sunbathing, or simply appreciating nature’s beauty.
  • Lake Ikeda: The largest crater lake in Kyushu, Lake Ikeda is a peaceful spot with tales of a mysterious monster akin to Scotland’s Loch Ness Monster. While the chances of spotting this elusive creature are slim, the lake itself is a haven for relaxation and picnicking.

Ibusuki, with its sandy shores and volcanic landscapes, offers a refreshing take on Japan’s spa culture. Its unique blend of traditional wellness treatments, rich history, and diverse natural beauty makes it a destination that appeals to both the seasoned traveler and the wellness seeker. Whether you’re sinking into the therapeutic embrace of its volcanic sands or exploring its myriad attractions, Ibusuki promises a holistic experience that rejuvenates the body, mind, and soul.


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Kusatsu (Gunma)

Famous for Sulfur-rich Waters

Kusatsu, nestled in the mountains of Gunma Prefecture, stands as one of Japan’s most celebrated onsen towns. It boasts a hot spring output that is among the nation’s most voluminous, and its waters have been extolled for centuries for their exceptional quality and therapeutic properties. Kusatsu’s waters are rich in sulfur, which lends them a characteristic aroma. This sulfur content, while distinct in scent, offers a plethora of health benefits, from aiding skin conditions to helping alleviate rheumatism and promoting overall well-being.

Kusatsu in Gunma Prefecture, famous for its sulfur-rich hot springs and the iconic Yubatake - digital art

Traditional Yubatake (Hot Water Field)

A symbol of Kusatsu and a testament to its rich onsen heritage is the iconic Yubatake, or “hot water field.” Located at the town’s center, it serves both as a visually captivating attraction and a functional facility. Here, hot spring water gushes down wooden channels, allowing it to cool down before it’s used in the town’s various public baths. The sight of steaming water cascading down the wooden conduits, accompanied by wafts of sulfuric aroma, makes the Yubatake a sensory spectacle.

As night falls, the Yubatake is beautifully illuminated, transforming it into a mesmerizing light display against the backdrop of the rustic town. This landmark not only offers an insight into the town’s onsen culture but also serves as a gathering spot for both tourists and locals alike.

Seasonal Attractions and Best Times to Visit

Kusatsu is a destination that offers distinct charms with each changing season:

  • Spring (March to May): As the snow begins to melt, Kusatsu comes alive with a burst of cherry blossoms. The town’s numerous sakura trees, juxtaposed against the steaming onsens, make it a picturesque spot for hanami (cherry blossom viewing). Spring also brings with it the Kusatsu Onsen Festival, where traditional dances and performances celebrate the town’s rich hot spring heritage.
  • Summer (June to August): The high altitude of Kusatsu means that summers here are cooler and more comfortable than many other parts of Japan. It’s an ideal time for hiking and exploring the verdant landscapes surrounding the town. The Shirane Mountain, with its azure crater lake, is a popular trekking destination during this season.
  • Autumn (September to November): The foliage in and around Kusatsu undergoes a radiant transformation, with leaves turning brilliant shades of red, orange, and yellow. The contrast of the vibrant autumn colors with the steaming hot springs is a visual delight.
  • Winter (December to February): Kusatsu turns into a winter wonderland, with snow blanketing the town and its surrounding mountains. The experience of soaking in a steaming onsen with snow all around is ethereal. Additionally, Kusatsu is a great base for winter sports enthusiasts, with the nearby Kusatsu Kokusai Ski Resort offering skiing and snowboarding opportunities.

Kusatsu is more than just an onsen town; it’s a living tapestry of Japanese culture, tradition, and natural beauty. The sulfur-rich waters that have drawn visitors for centuries continue to be the town’s lifeblood, offering healing and relaxation. Whether you’re drawn by the allure of its famed waters, the traditional charm of the Yubatake, or the seasonal spectacles it offers, Kusatsu promises an experience that resonates with the heart and soul. Each visit, irrespective of the season, provides a unique perspective, making Kusatsu a timeless destination in the heart of Japan.


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Etiquette and Tips for Onsen Visits

How to Properly Wash Before Entering the Onsen

Etiquette and tips for onsen visits, specifically focusing on how to properly wash before entering the onsen infographic

Ensuring cleanliness is fundamental in the onsen culture. Before entering the communal bath, it is essential to thoroughly cleanse oneself. Here’s a step-by-step guide to properly wash:

  1. Select a Washing Station: Most onsen establishments provide individual washing stations equipped with stools, faucets, and washing essentials. Choose a vacant station and sit on the provided stool.
  2. Begin with a Rinse: Using the handheld shower head or a provided bucket, wet your entire body to rinse off any initial dirt or sweat.
  3. Lathering Up: Use the provided soap or shampoo to create a lather. Start with washing your hair (if you intend to wash it), followed by your body. Make sure to scrub and cleanse every part, paying particular attention to areas that sweat more.
  4. Rinsing Thoroughly: Once you’re completely lathered up, rinse off all the soap and shampoo thoroughly. It’s crucial that no residue remains, as soap or shampoo should not enter the communal onsen waters.
  5. Securing Your Hair: If you have long hair, ensure it’s tied up to prevent it from touching the onsen water.

Cultural Norms and Rules

  1. Tattoos: Historically, tattoos in Japan have been associated with yakuza (Japanese organized crime syndicates). Due to this association, many onsens prohibit entry to individuals with tattoos. However, as tattoos have grown in global popularity and with increasing foreign visitors, some onsens are becoming more tolerant. It’s advisable to check an onsen’s tattoo policy in advance or opt for establishments that offer private baths. Alternatively, small tattoos can often be covered with waterproof patches.
  2. No Swimming Attire: Onsens are not swimming pools. The norm is to enter the baths nude. Wearing swimming attire is generally frowned upon and can be seen as unsanitary. Respect this cultural tradition when visiting an onsen.
  3. Noise Levels: Onsens are places of relaxation and contemplation. Conversations should be kept at a low volume, and loud noises or disturbances are considered disrespectful.
  4. Consideration for Others: Do not wring out towels in the onsen water or let them touch the water. Avoid swimming or splashing, and always give space to others, particularly in smaller baths.

How to Use the Onsen Towels and Yukata (Cotton Kimono)

  1. Onsen Towels: Upon entering an onsen, you’ll typically receive two towels – a larger one for drying after the bath and a smaller one which can be used for modesty while walking around or for washing in the bathing area.
    • Using the Small Towel: This towel can be used to cover your private areas as you walk from the changing room to the bath. Once at the bath, you can place it on your head (a popular choice to keep cool) or set it aside, ensuring it doesn’t touch the onsen water.
    • Using the Large Towel: Store this towel in your designated locker or basket in the changing room. It’s only to be used post-bathing for drying off.
  2. Yukata: The yukata is a lightweight cotton kimono provided by many onsen accommodations for guests to wear. It’s perfect for lounging and moving around the premises.
    • Wearing the Yukata: Hold it open and slip it on as you would a robe. First, wrap the right side of the yukata around your body, then overlap it with the left side. Secure it with the provided sash, tying a bow at the front or side. The left side should always be on top when wrapped, as the opposite (right side over left) is reserved for funerary attire.
    • Walking Around: With yukata and geta (wooden sandals), you can walk around the ryokan (traditional Japanese inn) or even the local vicinity, embracing the relaxed onsen town atmosphere.


source: Mirko on YouTube

Understanding and respecting onsen etiquette ensures a comfortable and culturally enriching experience for both oneself and fellow bathers. By adhering to the traditions and norms of onsen culture, one can truly immerse oneself in this age-old Japanese tradition, reaping its therapeutic benefits while also building bridges of mutual respect and understanding. The act of communal bathing is more than just a physical cleanse; it’s a ritual of connection, relaxation, and cultural immersion. With the right etiquette, every onsen visit can be a harmonious and rejuvenating experience.


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Benefits of Onsen Soaks

The tradition of onsen bathing in Japan stretches back centuries, and its persistent allure lies not just in the cultural or spiritual significance but also in the myriad tangible benefits it offers to body and mind. The hot spring waters, enriched with natural minerals, provide holistic rejuvenation, addressing physical ailments, enhancing skin health, and offering solace to the weary mind. Here’s a detailed exploration of the various benefits:

Japanese Ryokan Onsen aerial views in Japan

Skin Health Benefits

  1. Mineral Richness: Onsen waters, naturally endowed with minerals like sulfur, sodium, calcium, and magnesium, vary from one spring to another. These minerals are known to promote skin health in various ways. For instance, sulfur, common in many onsens, is revered for its ability to alleviate skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis.
  2. Natural Exfoliation: The warm waters and their mineral content can aid in the gentle exfoliation of the skin, sloughing away dead skin cells and promoting cellular turnover. The result is often smoother, brighter skin with a healthy glow.
  3. Improved Circulation: The warmth of onsen waters helps dilate blood vessels, leading to increased blood flow. This enhanced circulation nourishes skin cells, ensuring they receive vital nutrients and oxygen, leading to healthier, more vibrant skin.
  4. Deep Cleansing: The heat from the water opens up pores, enabling a deeper cleanse. The natural minerals then work to draw out impurities, ensuring a thorough detoxification that can result in clearer, less congested skin.
  5. Hydration: Contrary to the drying effect of hot water typically experienced in showers or conventional tubs, onsen waters, owing to their mineral content, can enhance skin hydration. The skin, post an onsen soak, often feels soft and supple.

Muscle Relaxation and Therapeutic Benefits

  1. Heat Penetration: The warm waters of onsens penetrate deep into muscle tissue, easing tension and stiffness. This makes onsen soaks particularly beneficial after physical exertion or for those with chronic muscle pain.
  2. Natural Pain Relief: Minerals such as magnesium, commonly found in onsen waters, can help reduce muscle cramps and soothe aches. Additionally, the buoyancy provided by water helps take the weight off painful joints or muscles, offering temporary relief.
  3. Reduced Inflammation: The warmth combined with certain minerals has anti-inflammatory properties. Regular onsen baths can help manage conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or other inflammatory joint ailments.
  4. Enhanced Flexibility: As the heat relaxes muscle tissue and alleviates pain, there’s often an associated increase in flexibility and range of motion, beneficial for those recovering from injuries or with conditions that restrict mobility.

Mental relaxation and stress relief benefits of onsens infographic

Mental Relaxation and Stress Relief

  1. Connection with Nature: Many onsens are situated amidst natural splendor, be it mountains, forests, or coastlines. The act of soaking while surrounded by nature facilitates a deep sense of peace and grounding.
  2. Mindful Meditation: The sensory experience of an onsen soak—feeling the water’s warmth, hearing the ambient sounds, and inhaling the steam’s earthy aroma—can be meditative. It draws individuals into the present moment, fostering mindfulness.
  3. Release of Endorphins: The warmth and relaxation induced by onsen baths stimulate the production of endorphins, the body’s natural feel-good chemicals. This uplifts mood and promotes a sense of well-being.
  4. Improved Sleep: The deep relaxation experienced during and after an onsen bath can aid in better sleep. The drop in body temperature post-bath signals the body that it’s time to rest, often leading to a deeper, more restorative slumber.
  5. Community and Connection: Traditional onsens are communal spaces. This shared experience can foster a sense of community, connection, and mutual respect, all of which contribute to emotional well-being.

Onsen baths, while deeply rooted in Japanese culture and tradition, offer universal benefits that transcend cultural boundaries. Their holistic approach addresses not just the physical body but also the mind and spirit. Whether you’re seeking respite from skin conditions, muscle pain, or the stresses of daily life, an onsen soak promises holistic rejuvenation, reminding us of the healing powers inherent in nature.


source: Samuel and Audrey on YouTube

Staying at a Ryokan: The Complete Onsen Experience

What is a Ryokan?

Traditional Japanese ryokan, showcasing the complete onsen experience - digital art

A ryokan is a traditional Japanese inn that has been the epitome of Japanese hospitality for centuries. Evolving from the simple roadside lodgings established during the Edo period (17th to 19th centuries) for weary travelers, ryokans have since become emblematic of the country’s commitment to omotenashi, a term embodying Japanese hospitality where hosts anticipate guests’ needs and ensure their utmost comfort.

Ryokans are architectural artifacts, often adorned with tatami-matted rooms, sliding fusuma doors, and wooden structures. They are places where the modern pace of life dissipates, making way for the timeless rhythms of traditional Japan.


source: Samuel and Audrey on YouTube

The Experience of Staying Overnight and the Hospitality Involved

Experience of staying overnight at a ryokan, highlighting the various aspects of traditional Japanese hospitality - digital art

  1. Check-In and Welcoming Tea: On arrival at a ryokan, guests are usually greeted at the entrance and escorted to their rooms. Once settled, they are often served a welcoming tea, accompanied by traditional Japanese snacks. This ritual not only refreshes the traveler but also marks the beginning of their immersive journey into Japanese culture.
  2. Traditional Rooms: Ryokan rooms are typically spacious, with tatami mat flooring and a central low table. Instead of beds, guests sleep on futons that are laid out in the evening while they dine. The room setup fosters a feeling of simplicity, Zen, and connection to the ground, reminiscent of ancient Japanese living.
  3. Kaiseki Dinner: One of the highlights of staying at a ryokan is the kaiseki dinner, a multi-course meal showcasing the finest of Japanese cuisine. Each dish is an art piece, representing local and seasonal ingredients. The meticulous presentation, combined with the deep, savory flavors, make kaiseki an unforgettable culinary experience.
  4. Onsen Bathing: Most ryokans, especially those in onsen towns, have their own private hot spring baths. Evening and morning soaks in these baths not only rejuvenate the body but also the soul. Bathing in an onsen at a ryokan, surrounded by nature’s sounds and serenity, is an incomparable experience.
  5. Yukata and Otoki: Guests are provided with yukata (light cotton kimonos) and wooden geta sandals. Wearing these while walking within the ryokan or even outside provides a deep sense of being in a different era. An otoki, or a room attendant, is sometimes assigned to guests, ensuring their comfort, serving meals, and sometimes even sharing stories or insights about the local area.
  6. Traditional Breakfast: Mornings in a ryokan begin with a traditional Japanese breakfast. Like the kaiseki dinner, this breakfast features a spread of dishes that energize and prepare the guest for the day ahead. Common dishes include grilled fish, pickled vegetables, rice, and miso soup.


source: Samuel and Audrey on YouTube

Recommendations for Top Ryokans with Onsens

  1. Tawaraya Ryokan (Kyoto): Often touted as the epitome of luxury ryokan experiences, Tawaraya in Kyoto blends centuries-old traditions with impeccable hospitality. Each room offers a view of the inn’s stunning gardens, and the onsen baths are a pure, serene indulgence.
  2. Gora Kadan (Hakone): Once a retreat for the Imperial family, Gora Kadan perfectly melds modern luxury with time-honored traditions. Located in the hot spring town of Hakone, its onsen baths with views of the surrounding nature are unparalleled.
  3. Nishimuraya Honkan (Kinosaki): In the famous onsen town of Kinosaki, this ryokan offers an experience drenched in history and authenticity. The open-air baths are a highlight, ensuring guests receive the full therapeutic benefits of the hot spring waters.
  4. Asaba (Shuzenji): With a history spanning over 500 years, Asaba offers a timeless escape. Located amidst bamboo groves, the ryokan’s open-air onsen baths allow guests to connect deeply with the surrounding nature.
  5. Ryokan Kurashiki (Okayama): Located in the historic Bikan district, this ryokan offers an intimate experience, with only a few rooms available. While it doesn’t have natural onsen baths, its dedication to preserving the spirit of old Japan makes it noteworthy.

Staying at a ryokan is more than just an overnight experience; it’s a journey through time, a dive into Japanese aesthetics, and an embodiment of the nation’s unparalleled hospitality. The combination of architectural beauty, culinary wonders, traditional onsen baths, and attentive service crafts memories that linger long after the journey ends. For travelers seeking a profound understanding of Japan’s soul, a ryokan stay is indispensable.

Private onsen with countryside views in Japan

Onsen Experience Final Thoughts

As the sun sets behind Japan’s towering mountain ranges, dipping the serene landscapes into hues of crimson and gold, and the steam rises from the country’s countless onsens, one cannot help but ponder the deeper essence of these hot springs. Onsens are not just pools of warm water; they are the very heartbeat of Japan, echoing tales of centuries gone by, of gods and monarchs, of weary travelers and poets inspired by the mesmerizing dance of steam over tranquil waters.

Holistic experience of onsens in Japan infographic

The Holistic Experience of Onsens

When we speak of onsens, we’re tapping into an experience that is profoundly holistic, seamlessly blending the rejuvenating forces of nature, the soothing art of relaxation, and the time-honored traditions of Japanese culture.

  1. Nature’s Embrace: Every onsen is a silent testament to the majesty of nature. Whether nestled in snow-draped mountains, bordering the rhythmic expanse of the sea, or tucked amidst lush bamboo groves, onsens allow visitors to immerse themselves entirely in the natural world. This immersion goes beyond mere sight; the mineral-rich waters, often with therapeutic properties, are nature’s own way of healing and nurturing the human body.
  2. Relaxation’s True Realm: Amidst our fast-paced lives, relaxation is often relegated to short-lived respites, often digital in nature. Onsens challenge this notion. As you step into the warm embrace of the waters, every tension, every worry seems to melt away. The therapeutic warmth envelopes you, the minerals rejuvenate your skin, muscles and joints, and all you’re left with is a profound sense of serenity and grounding.
  3. Culture’s Quiet Whisper: It’s impossible to separate the onsen experience from the rich tapestry of Japanese culture. The very act of onsen bathing – from the meticulous washing prior to entering the waters to the silent contemplation encouraged while soaking – reflects the nation’s values of respect, cleanliness, and mindfulness. If you stay at a ryokan, this cultural immersion deepens, with traditional meals, tatami-matted rooms, and the gentle rustle of yukatas.

Japanese onsen bathtub views in Japan

An Invitation to Experience the Ineffable

To those reading and contemplating a journey to Japan, consider this: travel is as much about external exploration as it is about internal introspection. Japan offers a plethora of sights – the vibrant Tokyo skyline, the historic temples of Kyoto, the cherry blossoms of Hiroshima. And yet, there is something deeply transformative about the seemingly simple act of bathing in an onsen.

Transformative and introspective journey of visiting an onsen in Japan - digital art

If you are to take one thing away from these musings, let it be this urging: prioritize visiting at least one onsen during your trip. Beyond the picturesque sights and bustling cityscapes, let yourself be drawn into the poetic, meditative world of onsens. You won’t merely be stepping into warm waters, but into a realm where nature, relaxation, and culture converge in harmonious symphony.

In the heart of Japan, with steam rising and cicadas singing, you’ll find more than relaxation; you’ll find a piece of yourself that resonates with the timeless rhythms of the universe. The onsen awaits, not just with its healing waters, but with tales, whispers, and the promise of a journey inward.

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