An Introduction to Traditional Kyrgyz Cuisine

Often when I travel to a new country I have the opportunity to sample the local cuisine in some way, shape or form prior to arrival. Before heading to South Korea for the first time I had bibimbap, samgyeopsal and tteokbokki numerous times in Canada. Prior to visiting Vietnam I already had slurped countless bowls of pho in Vietnamese restaurants all over the world. But how about Kyrgyz food?

However, on our recent trip to Kyrgyzstan to cover the World Nomad Games, I arrived not knowing anything about Kyrgyz cuisine. Hence, In many ways this was refreshing.

Traditional Kyrgyz Food

Traditional Kyrgyz food is meat intensive with beef, mutton and horse meat being staples. Along with numerous types of dairy products. Cooking techniques can be traced back to the nation’s nomadic way of life.

Geographically located in the heart of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan historically featured three major routes of the Silk Road. Furthermore, gaining influence from cuisine from nearby neighbors such as China and present day Kazakhstan.

Here is an overhead shot of the various kinds of breads and jams you have at a typical Kyrgyz meal
Here is an overhead shot of the various kinds of breads and jams you have at a typical Kyrgyz meal

We were fortunate enough to spend a considerable amount of time gallivanting across the country visiting remote yurts in the countryside. And sampling some of the most popular dishes in restaurants in Bishkek.

The following is an introduction to traditional Kyrgyz cuisine featuring some must-try dishes.

Krygyz traditional food prepared in a yurt prior to the main dishes arriving
Krygyz traditional food prepared in a yurt prior to the main dishes arriving

Paloo or Plov – Staple Rice Dish

Paloo (палоо) is a rice dish typically featuring garlic, chives, shredded carrots, hot peppers and various other vegetables. Along with pieces of meat (chicken, mutton, beef) fried together in a massive qazan (cast-iron cauldron).

Here is plov being prepared in a massive cauldron during the World Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan
Here is plov being prepared in a massive cauldron during the World Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan

Plov, is a staple dish in Central Asian cuisine and every country in the region has its own unique way of preparing it. Fortunately, I had the opportunity to sample it numerous times. My favourite experience was having paloo. It was prepared right before my eyes during the World Nomad Games.

It was one dish I instantly fell in love with and if you’re generally a fan of Chinese-style fried rice you’ll likely find this to be amicable to your taste-buds.

Lagman – Kyrgyz Noodles

My favorite meal in Kyrgystan was Lagman (лағмон). This very popular noodle dishes can served fried or in a soup. I ate it more than any other dish during our three week stay in the country. This dish features thick noodles covered in chopped peppers and various other kinds of vegetables, all coated in a spicy vinegar-base sauce.

Considered an Uyghur dish with Chinese roots lagman is a staple dish you’ll find in most Kyrgyz restaurants. Try it in a soup and fried and let me know which one you prefer. I like both but when push comes to shove I prefer it fried.

Manti – Steamed Dumplings

The first Kyrgyz food I tried upon arrival in Bishkek was Manti (манты). These steamed dumplings can be stuffed with pumpkin, lamb, beef or potatoes, and they reminded me of Korean mandu and Tibetan momo.

They’re typically served as a side dish as opposed to being a main dish, but whenever they were in front of me I kept popping them in one after the other. If I had to recommend one kind, I’d say try the pumpkin ones.

Samsa – Kyrgyz Dumplings

Have you ever tried samosas before? If so, you’ll find Samsa, a Central Asian staple, to be quite similar. These baked pockets consist of layered pastry dough and are often stuffed with lamb, cheese, chicken, beef, potato or pumpkin.

They’re typical Kyrgyz hot street snacks at bazaars and I found myself devouring them at road-stop eateries.  They were the perfect snack anytime I felt peckish in between meals.

Shashlik – Skewered Meat

If you’re a fan of grilled skewered chunks of meat Shashlik is must-try dish when visiting Kyrgyzstan. Although it can be made from chicken, beef or fish the most common kind (and one I’d recommend the most) is skewered chunks of mutton.

Sold on the street or served in restaurants it is very similar to shish kebab. One particular memory I have of eating Shashlik was with a group of friends. It tasted so good that almost all of us ended up ordering a second portion of it. Hurray for Kyrgyz food!

Kymyz – Milky Traditional Drink

You know a drink is of utmost importance to a culture when the capital city (Bishkek) of your country is named after the paddle used to churn it! Kymyz (кымыз), a slightly alcoholic drink made from fermented mare’s milk might be an acquired taste for most foreigners sampling it for the first time.

Audrey and I never quite warmed up to it but some other people traveling in our circle liked it instantly. As a fun fact, prior to fermentation mare’s milk has a whopping 40% more lactose than what you’d find in cow’s milk.

Tea plays a very important role in any kind of meal you'll have in Krygyzstan
Tea plays a very important role in any kind of meal you’ll have in Krygyzstan

Tea with Boorsoq

One of the highlights of my trip to Kyrgyzstan was having the opportunity to eat many meals inside of a yurt, especially tea time. Boorsoq, a popular fried dough bread, is typically dipped in jams, honey or butter and served with black tea.

Kyrgyz hospitality is beyond generous and you’ll find your cup of tea being refilled constantly by an ever attentive host.

Now it is your turn. Have you tried Kyrgyz food before and/or do any of these dishes leave you intrigued to try them for the first time? Let me know in the comments section below.

Food is being prepared at the World Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan
Food is being prepared at the World Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan

This trip was made possible with the support of Discover Kyrgyzstan and USAID. As always, all opinions expressed here are my own.

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  1. says: Natalie

    I absolutely love hot black tea and I can’t think of a better way to enjoy it than while enjoying an adventure! How was it served? Special cups – like Turkey has a certain shape of glass without handles for tea… Was it flavored (like the mint tea from Morocco) or served with a sweetener? If I get the chance….tea is my all time favorite souvenir to bring back. A hot cup of tea from vacation brings wonderful memories. 😉

    I read posts like this with wonderful food and wonder about my kids…one will try unusual things but the other has a really hard time with it. I wonder if we could find enough plain bread to keep them from starving on a trip like this? We might need to wait until they are a little older and receptive to the unusual like horse meat…. In the meantime, I’ll daydream with posts like this one!

  2. says: Prithvi Vashisht

    Interesting post, visiting destinations and looking for delicious food is my favorite thing to do. I do want to try Kymyz and Tea with boorsoq. Thanks for sharing

  3. Nice post! Quick question. How much do you weigh, Samuel? Haha…no need to answer! Wow…it is truly amazing to see you around so much delicious food and still not put on too much weight. The dish Paloo looks quite similar to an Indian (Mughal) dish called “Biryani”. Biryani, however, has large portions of chicken or meat.